It was Montefiore who proposed Yemin Moshe (the name means "The Right Hand of Moses"), and it was Montefiore whose enormous means, gathered during a unprecedentedly successful career trading and investing in London, built and peopled an entire neighborhood where once there had been nothing more than a barren hillside. His passionate love for the Land of Israel was fostered by a series of tours over the course of his 100-year life. The neighborhood's most prominent landmark is its windmill, visible (at height) from much of Jerusalem. The windmill was poorly engineered and never functioned properly, but it served as a symbol of the development of Jerusalem, which rapidly snowballed (thanks in part to the further generosity of Montefiore) after Yemin Moshe was established.
Today Yemin Moshe and Mishkenot Sha'ananim (its later outgrowth) remain aesthetically much the same as they were at the turn of the century, but the neighborhood's population has changed from the poor and pious former residents of the Old City to one of Jerusalem's wealthiest groups, with a significant percentage of foreign owners who keep residences in Yemin Moshe as holiday homes. The neighborhood thus often takes on a marked emptiness during the off-season, which can actually make strolling through its greenery and gardens more pleasant. In addition to its verdancy and its stunning views of the Old City, Yemin Moshe is home to a modest museum chronicling the exploits of Moses Montefiore and a couple of high-quality dining establishments.
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