Jerusalem Timeline: Second Temple History
After nearly a century in exile, the Jews built a second Holy Temple, awakening the sacred flames in Jerusalem once again.
This Temple was made even more resplendent than the first by Herod, the dark-tempered and tormented king. The Second Temple Period saw some of the most dramatic changes to Jerusalem, from the onslaught of Greek Hellenism to the iron grip of Rome. In between, the triumphant story of Chanukah cast its light on the Holy City, only to give way centuries later to an apocalyptic war that would leave all of Jerusalem in ruins, and its identity as a Jewish city destroyed.